The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986


The Child Labour (Prohibition and
Regulation) Act, 1986
3.6.1 Object –
 to regulate the working conditions of the
children in certain employment and to
prohibit employment in occupations set
forth in part A of the Schedule or in
workshop wherein any of the processes set
forth in part B is carried on ( Sec. 3 )
 Child means a person who has not
completed his 14 years of age. In the
absence of certificate of age, can be referred
to the prescribed medical authority for
Legal Aspects of Hospital Management – Dr. B.G. Maniar
3.6.2 Application
 It applies to every establishment irrespective
of the number of employees employed
 Notice to Inspector - details to be furnished :
- name and situation of an establishment ;
- name of the persons in actual management
address for communication ;
-nature of occupation (Sec. 9). 

 Display of notice – containing abstract of
the Act, pertaining to prohibition of
employment of children. ( Sec. 12 )
3.6.3 Working Conditions
3.6.4 Hours and period of work
- not to exceed 3 hours ( continuous ) ;
- interval for rest – 1 hour ;
- spread hour not more than 6 hours
inclusive of interval and the time spent for
waiting ;
- not permitted to work between 7 p.m. to
8 a.m., no over-time, no employment in
more than one establishment. (Sec.7)
 Weekly holiday – one whole day, not to be
altered more than once in three months.
(Sec. 8) 

 Health and Safety –to be notified by
appropriate government in accordance with
guidelines given in Section 13 of the Act.
 Occupier has to maintain all such records in
register in the prescribed manner. (Sec. 11)
Legal Aspects of Hospital Management – Dr. B.G. Maniar
3.6.5 Health and safety
(1) The appropriate Government may, by
notification in the Official Gazette, make
rules for the health and safety of the children
employed or permitted to work in any
establishment or class of establishments.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of
the foregoing provisions, the said rules may
provide for all or any of the following
matters, namely: -

  (a) Cleanliness in the place of work and its
freedom from nuisance;
(b) Disposal of wastes and effluents;
(c) Ventilation and temperature;
(d) Dust and fume;
(e) Artificial humidification;
(f) Lighting;
(g) Drinking water;
(h) Latrine and urinals;
(i) Spittoons;
(j) Fencing of machinery;
(k) Work at or near machinery in motion;
(1) Employment of children on dangerous ;
(m) Instructions, training and supervision in
relation to employment of children on
dangerous machines;
(n) Device for cutting off power;
(0) Self acting machines;
(p) Easing of new machinery;
Legal Aspects of Hospital Management – Dr. B.G. Maniar
(q) Floor, stairs and means of access
(r) Pits, sumps, openings in floors, etc.
(s) Excessive weights;
(t) Protection of eyes;
(u) Explosive or inflammable dust, gas, etc.;
(v) Precautions in case of fire;
(w)Maintenance of buildings; and
(x) Safety of buildings and machinery.

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